The Wildlife Garden in February

Primroses flowering in the February snow

As you might expect as we approached the end of winter, the weather was cold and overcast in the South Shropshire Hills at the beginning of February.  It was very windy here at times too and yet more snow was forecast for the coming days.  However, there was a little very welcome sunshine too, and in spite of the very cold conditions this week a song thrush began to sing his beautiful repetitive song every morning from the woodland next to my garden. Later in the week a mistle thrush was also heard singing from the copse of trees on the other side of our tiny valley, and along with the sweet chatter of the huge local flock of linnets, there seemed to be a lot of bird activity all around us.  Fewer birds were feeding in the garden this week however, although the siskins were a daily, noisy presence.  On the 4th of the month the eerie sound of a fox screaming was heard in the garden at dusk, and a tawny owl was hooting most nights. The female sparrowhawk that has been a regular visitor this winter returned on the 4th and sat on top of the bird feeder pole for some time before flying off, swift and low, over the adjacent fields. The single marsh tit continued to feed in the garden every day, especially from a small tray on the garden table.

Grey Heron at the frozen pond

The second week of the month continued with cold, snowy weather and at times temperatures were sub-zero even at mid-day.  There were still only a few siskins feeding in the garden which was slightly disappointing after the large numbers we had here last winter, but the males were singing beautifully in the hazel outside the back door and also in the big holly tree at the end of the garden.  On the 9th I noticed that there were daffodil buds showing in the border in the long garden and a small clump of primroses was in flower in the snow in the shelter of one of the hedges. As temperatures continued to be below zero the big pond was, not surprisingly, completely frozen and on the 9th a grey heron visited for the first time in ages, walking about on the frozen surface.  The weather remained very cold this week and the fallow field next to the garden was absolutely full of birds including fieldfares, redwings, linnets and starlings, all in huge numbers, with a few song thrushes for good measure. Our hedges had been recently cut, something we do every January after all berries have gone.  This keeps them very thick and healthy and means they provide excellent nesting places for several bird species here including yellowhammers. The heron returned on the 14th and again spent some time just standing on the frozen surface of the pond.  The local linnet flock visited the garden daily, often alighting in our large ash tree or in the field maple at the end of the long garden.  A rough count of around seventy birds was made.  At the very end of the week the weather warmed a little and a bedraggled buzzard was seen in the garden sitting on the barn owl post, drying itself in the weak sunshine.  The weather forecast for the week ahead was, thankfully, for milder conditions.

The third week of February began with the promised milder weather but it was dull and overcast.   There were no large numbers of birds in the garden or on the hedges now, just the usual species in usual numbers.  There was no sign of redpolls here yet – one of my favourite birds – although plenty were being recorded around Shropshire, and there was also no sign of frogspawn.  Later in the week a single frog was seen in the marshy pond during a slight tidy up of the edges to make access easier, so fingers were crossed for our usual large quantities of frogspawn in this warm, shallow little pond hat the frogs seem to prefer. All the usual early spring bird species were with now including a small flock of siskins, one of my favourite winter visitors, and the males were singing beautifully and looking particularly bright in the sunshine!  A single male mallard appeared on the pond this week and continued to come to roost overnight.  There was rain and sleet for a couple of days but the sunny spells in between the cooler more wintery weather meant there was a hint of spring in the air.  Plenty of bird species continued to sing around the garden in this slightly warmer weather especially robins, dunnocks and great tits, plus a single song thrush performed beautifully from our little copse of trees every morning.

The first frogspawn in the marshy pond

The last week of the month had very variable weather with sun, showers, heavy rain and wind but when the sun shone it really felt like spring!  On the 22nd the first frog spawn appeared in the marshy pond with no sign of any in the other ponds.  A large amount had been laid and the churring of the males was loud and very noticeable in the morning and I went to check for spawn on what seemed like a suitable morning.  The weather continued to be variable but obviously the increase in temperature was enough to get the frogs performing!  All the usual birds were still using the garden, especially the siskins whose numbers were increasing daily, plus the local flock of linnets visited every day, perching either in the ask tree or on top of the long hedge.  The song thrush continued to sing from the copse and two thrushes were seen feeding on the cut grass in the big meadow and on the lawn in the long borders later in the week, giving me hope that they may nest in the garden again this year.  On the morning of the 25th there were seven wild mallard on the pond but they didn’t stay for long. The garden became progressively noisier towards the end of the week with siskins, goldfinches, song thrushes, dunnocks, great tits and robins singing from our trees and hedges and a single blackbird was also heard. Male chaffinches also began their explosive song and without doubt, there was more than a hint of spring was in the air.

Robin in full song

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The Wildlife Garden in January

Blackbird feeding on fallen apples

The beginning of the new year was very cold here in South Shropshire and snowy but intermittently bright weather persisted for the whole of the first week.  The local female sparrowhawk, now a very regular visitor, was seen daily, either sitting in the large apple tree at the back of my house or outside my office windows in the alder buckthorn shrub – quite oblivious to movement by me but obviously keeping her eye on the bird feeders for her next meal. There was still plenty of snow on the Long Mynd, visible as a white blanket like icing on a cake.  The pair of local red kites continued to soar and dive at each other over the fields round about us, and they were sometimes joined by a buzzard which was making regular forays to the largest of the oak trees in the damp woodland at the end of my garden.  This tree is a favourite spot for carrion crows to nest and last year they won the battle with the local buzzards, for possession of this hotly contested nesting place. The weather continued to be very cold which brought large numbers of smaller birds to feed, especially tits and finches, and it was also good to see a treecreeper every day in the largest of our apple trees, searching for small invertebrates, branch by branch, in their entertaining, methodical way. Also a pair of robins was seen several times in the hedge outside my office this week, and at times their melancholy, rather wistful song could be heard.

The frosty woodland next door.

The weather became much colder in the second week of the month and the garden was full of sparkling frost on the morning of the 7th.  A single fieldfare and a redwing were seen outside on that day, birds that had not been around for a while.  In general this has been a bad winter for fieldfares, and our orchard, with the ample food it provides for this species, has been largely devoid of winter thrushes since Christmas.  The whole garden however was glittering first thing, and Crawl Wood, on our boundary looked especially beautiful with frost coating every branch and twig.  A single house sparrow appeared in the garden on the 7th and six magpies congregated in the field maple at the end of the long borders.  This tree is always in demand by nesting corvids and the magpies usually win this particular battle, reusing the existing nest, but adding a few more large twigs each year.  A female kestrel also flew into this field maple on the 8th and returned a couple of times that week.  On the 9th the same tree was full of starlings and 68 were counted.  There was a little more snow this week but nothing that really persisted for long, and wet and windy weather soon returned although there was a little welcome sunshine sometimes in the afternoons. Temperatures increased at the end of the week but there were still no redwings or fieldfares in the garden at all. A single, welcome lesser celandine was seen in flower in the vegetable garden on the 13th and on the 14th the mass of snowdrops on the verge outside the garden was showing  hints of white as the flowers began to reveal their delicate snowy bells.  There was no sight or sound of a mistle or song thrush this week, but the robins were still singing at the end of the week, and a bullfinch was heard softly hooting in the orchard.  The kites continued their acrobatic display over the garden and two wood mice were seen in the potting shed!

Female Kestrel in the field maple

The third week of January began with bright, cold weather with even more birds using the bird feeders, especially tits and finches. Siskin numbers were slowly increasing but there were still only four or five, far fewer than in previous years here. Locally a huge flock of linnets was feeding on a nearby field – something we see here most winters, and they seen flying through the garden on the 17th – estimated at around 200 birds, amazing to both see and to hear!  The weather became slightly milder and sunny at times but as usual there were warnings of gales and snow arriving from the west. There was indeed snow late on the evening of the 20th which continued overnight but it did not persist for long.  However it was followed by icy winds and torrential rain. A few fieldfares returned to the fallen apples in the orchard, but there were hints of spring, as at last a song thrush was heard singing in the early mornings from the woodland next door – one of the most beautiful sounds I know!  On the 21st the female sparrowhawk returned, sitting in her usual place outside my office and a female brambling returned to feed from the seeds under the bird feeders.

The last week of January saw the snow persisting, but thankfully, from my perspective at least, it was gone by the 22nd. Brighter, sunnier days meant that more birds were singing around the garden now including great tit and dunnock as well as the song thrush. Numbers of all the regular smaller bird species increased and a single marsh tit was seen daily. The sparrowhawk returned to her usual spot after an absence of two weeks and one of our regular moorhens returned to the pond.

 Perhaps the most exciting visitor here in January was a willow tit which came to the feeders.  This now very scarce little bird was a regular visitor when we first created the garden here, largely due, I am sure, to the damp woodland on our boundary, but this was the first I had recorded for a couple of years – and a fitting end to my least favourite month of the year.  Hopefully a little sunnier, slightly warmer weather is on the way!

Willow Tit

With such cold frosty weather I am certainly looking forward to milder temperatures as we move into spring next month!

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The Wildlife Garden in December

A large number of goldfinches were feeding in the garden every day.

The first week of December was bright and quite cold in South Shropshire with a very heavy frost on the first of the month.  There were still plenty of goldfinches feeding around the garden and a single male house sparrow visited us on the first of the month, and again on the third – an unusual bird for this garden. A marsh tit was seen most days, generally caching sunflower hearts amongst the vegetation in one of the borders, but there was no sign of bramblings or siskins.  A couple of fieldfares continued to feed in the orchard but we have certainly not had our usual winter numbers yet and no redwings for some weeks.  Sleety snow fell on the afternoon of the third and the week continued to be generally quite cold but with no frost.  A little snow fell on the Long Mynd on the 7th creating a lovely view from my windows, but I was quite glad not to have a snowy garden! The male sparrow continued to be seen most days, usually in the hedge next to the bird feeders but on the 7th a very bold and very visible female sparrowhawk appeared, sitting quietly in one of the apple trees at the back of the house for some considerable time, which rather upset the more regular bird visitors.  She then flew to the alder buckthorn outside my office windows and I continued to see her on a daily basis.  There were plenty of other birds feeding this week and the goldfinch flock reached twenty five individuals. No mammals were seen at all though, with the exception of a few rabbits.

Very few siskins visited the garden, compared with previous winters

Between twenty and thirty goldfinches were regularly using the feeders during the second week of the month and they were often accompanied by a good number of chaffinches.   A couple of female siskins visited from time to time plus a single male this week, but unlike last winter no large numbers were recorded. On the 12th the female sparrowhawk sat for some time in a hazel tree outside my kitchen window, plus a male also appeared and she joined him as he flew off high over the garden and adjacent fields.  The weather this week was variable but generally very mild with many trees and shrubs still in full leaf, in particular the alder buckthorn.  Lots of goldfinches were using the small feeding tray outside the kitchen window as well as the nyger feeders in other parts of the garden. Just one rabbit was seen this week, trying to find its way out of the garden by wriggling under the gate! A couple of grey squirrels were around daily but did not seem very interested in the bird feeders.  Good numbers of chaffinches and greenfinches continued to visit but nothing unusual was recorded.  The single marsh tit continued to be seen daily.

A single marsh tit – a favourite bird – visited the feeders.

During the third week of December goldfinches continued to dominate the feeders –the flock now at around 40 individuals one day. The weather was still very mild for the time of year but wet at the start of the week, with both drizzly and some very heavy rain.  The pond in the field next door expanded rapidly until it overflowed into my vegetable plot and the whole garden was saturated underfoot.  No fieldfares or redwings were seen this week but there were lots of tits and finches all around. A treecreeper was seen frequently in the big apple tree and the female sparrowhawk continued to visit every day, and was once seen catching a goldfinch.  At least two tawny owls were heard most evenings and one was also seen flying up onto the roof of the house. However, the weather changed this week to wet, wild and windy bringing even more birds to the garden and a small group of four or five long-tailed tits began to use the feeders every day, mostly arriving in the late afternoon.  And a single beautiful jay was also seen most days.

Female sparrowhawk visiting daily!

The last week of the year was cold, wet and very windy at times.  All the regular birds continued to use the feeders or take advantage of the fallen fruit in the orchard, and the female sparrowhawk continued to sit in her favourite spots around the garden every day, often in the shrub outside my office window, giving me many opportunities to photograph her, or on the railings outside my kitchen!  As the month came to an end we began to see snow overnight as temperatures dropped and this colder weather continued until the very end of December. The cold snowy conditions saw the numbers of smaller birds built up again, especially the chaffinches and long tailed tits.  A single bank vole was seen under the feeders on a couple of occasions and seemed to be wisely taking away food and caching it under the patio paving!  The month ended with persistent light snow, very icy winds and a pair of red kites swooping and diving together over the garden and the surrounding fields.  It certainly looks as though we will have these magnificent birds nesting locally again next year.

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The Wildlife Garden in November

November started with quite windy and wet weather at times with successive storms coming through Shropshire from the west. However actual temperatures were quite mild even if the wind seemed to be freezing cold at times!  It was a very bird oriented month with redwings still visiting the hawthorn trees on my garden boundary but all the holly berries now gone. Most days there were at least two bullfinches in the orchard with a single male often very visible.  This week a house mouse was found in my office cupboard, having eaten a large portion of a cork!  It was caught the next evening in a live trap and released in the greenhouse, although I suspect it will soon find its way back into the house. A female sparrowhawk came though the garden daily and a male was also seen on the 4th which was a bright sunny day although there had been an overnight frost – the first of the season – which made the garden sparkle!  On the 5th twenty fieldfares were counted feeding in the orchard and the big hawthorns, plus a goldcrest was seen in the hedge at the front of the house – a bird that is rarely seen here.

The second week of November began with more very autumnal weather although temperatures were mild but there were plenty of wet and windy spells here in South Shropshire. There continued to be lots of my favourite finches feeding in the garden especially chaffinches and goldfinches in large numbers. A beautiful pair of bramblings showed up on the 8th and it was a pleasure to see and photograph them over the next few days.  Fieldfares and redwings continued to visit but in low sporadic numbers rather than the large flocks we often get in the orchard here, and the male bullfinch was frequently around in the orchard with them. On the 14th another favourite finch – a lesser redpoll – appeared on the feeders but only stayed with us for a short time.  No small mammals, including bank voles, appeared in the garden at all but we continued to catch several more house mice in the basement! The continuing appearance of these little mammals prompted us to release them a little further away but they seem to be finding their way back with ease!  Later in the week the local pair of kites began to display over the adjacent field and the bramblings re-appeared together with a couple of siskins, giving us a total of 7 finch species in the garden this week.  The week ended with wild and windy weather but continuing mild temperatures.

The very wet and windy continued and there were stormy conditions all around the country. There was no sign of the bramblings on the 15th but lots of other finches continued to feed in the garden plus tits of all the usual species including marsh. Only a handful of winter thrushes now remained in the garden, the numbers being very well below what we normally see here.  At least three rabbits were still here, two of them being quite large, but no other mammals were seen at all except the house mice in the basement. The lack of foxes visiting the garden has been very noticeable over the last few months and none have been seen in the neighbouring fields for some time. The bramblings returned on the 16th and goldfinch and chaffinch numbers were very high but no greenfinches were seen this week which is quite unusual here. The single male bullfinch continued to find food in the orchard while fieldfare numbers dipped with only one individual in the garden this week. On the 18th the weather became very wet and windy but temperatures were still mild.  The 19th brought lots of smaller birds to the feeders but a very cold wind kept me inside! Redwing and fieldfare numbers dropped again but there were lots of smaller birds, especially tits and finches feeding on and under the bird feeders.

The last week of the month continued with changeable weather but at times was mild and dry with a little sunshine!  A large flock of goldfinches fed daily in the garden with a couple of female siskins at last. Several greenfinches enjoyed the sunshine at the end of the month but there was no sign of the large numbers of siskins we have had in previous years. Several pheasants took up residence in the garden, the males displaying and squabbling, and the female sparrowhawk came through the garden almost daily.  The month ended with more mild weather and even a little sunshine at times, with the garden full of birds every day but almost devoid of mammals. However there were tawny owls hooting at night, the garden was aglow with autumn colours and the winter flowering Viburnum outside my office scented the air.


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The Wildlife Garden in October

The weather in South Shropshire during the first week of October was, as expected, very autumnal, with overnight rain and cool mornings, but often lovely bright, sunny afternoons.  Our local brown hares were seen several times in a nearby field during the first week of the month, and lots of finches were constantly feeding around the garden, including four or five greenfinches and a few chaffinches – numbers of these two finches seem to be increasing here at the moment which is good news! Other common garden birds were around in good numbers and a great spotted woodpecker, absent from the garden for some time, visited daily. A single male was seen several times this week and a green woodpecker was also heard calling twice – a bird that was a regular visitor to my garden in Oxfordshire and sorely missed here!  A male blackbird began to feast on the good crop of hawthorn berries in the back garden hedge, chasing off all rivals in order to keep this food source for himself, and a single marsh tit returned to the feeders outside my office window from time to time.  No butterflies were seen at all this week as the weather cooled, but a few plants were still flowering in the borders, especially Geranium himalayense, adding a welcome splash of bright blue to the garden, and there were a few other welcome flowers too, including the herb marjoram.  A couple of rabbits were still with us plus the garden temporarily became home to several pheasants from the local shoot.

The second week of the month was bright at first with a lovely sunny morning on the 8th when a red admiral was seen in the long borders, and later in the day, a peacock butterfly appeared when the sun was shining.  There were now two moorhens permanently using the Big Pond and on the morning of the 12th, a misty and miserable, damp morning, there were around 40 redwings feeding in the hawthorns on our garden boundary.  They soon discovered the berries of Cornus in the hedge too, and those of guelder rose in the copse, and later that day they were feeding on invertebrates in the cut meadows where they were wonderfully visible from my office window. They continued to visit us for the next few days but in lower numbers, still feeding on berries and drinking from the shady pond and they returned again on the 14th.  A pair of bullfinches was seen in the garden on the 14th too, and also a jay that day, burying acorns.  Lots of tits were using the feeders including the single marsh tit that was still with us, but no siskins at all much to my disappointment! Also that day fox droppings were found in the garden – the first we have seen here for some weeks.

During the third week of October very good numbers of the smaller bird species were now coming to the feeders, especially tits and finches.  Up to 12 goldfinches were using the nyjer feeder as well as feeding from the lavender seed heads outside the back door, but there was still no sign of siskins!  On the 16th the weather was wet and cool but a few sunny spells brightened the garden and showed off the autumn colours that were developing rapidly.  Other bird species around the garden in good numbers included dunnocks, feeding from a small tray on the patio table, and the single marsh tit returned from time to time.  The two large rabbits were still in the garden in spite of the visiting fox, and they were joined by a smaller one, but no other mammals were seen this week.  The redwings continued to feed although numbers were much lower, plus the local bullfinches were seen and heard every day.  However, yet again no small mammals were seen at all this week. The moorhens now had the pond to themselves and seemed very settled, feeding on the grass on the pond banks and sometimes eating fallen apples in the orchard.  A few grey squirrels were collecting acorns but appeared to be uninterested in the feeders, suggesting that natural food is plentiful just now. On the 15th I had an excellent view of a barn owl over the long borders at dusk and later that evening several tawnies were very vocal in the woodland next door.  The weather continued to be cool but sunny as we moved through the second half of the month, and four mallard returned briefly to the pond – the males now looking very handsome in adult plumage.  By the end of the week the redwings had discovered the holly berries in the fruit garden but still not a single fieldfare was seen. The weather was cloudy, wet and cool with the odd sunny spell which was very welcome.  The mallard returned to spend their nights on the pond but the moorhens were clearly now resident!

The end of the month seemed very autumnal with gusty winds and occasional rain, making the garden feel quite damp and cold. The redwings continued to visit in smaller numbers as did a flock of around 25 goldfinches, some of them still taking advantage of the lavender seeds around the garden or making use of the the nyjer feeders. Weather conditions continued to be cold and damp but a southern hawker dragonfly was seen basking in the cool sunshine in the vegetable garden on the 23rd.  As we neared the end of the month my focus turned a little towards an invasion of house mice!  These elegant little mammals were caught one by one in a live trap and relocated to the shelter of the potting shed, although I suspect we will be seeing some of them again!  The month ended with cooler conditions and the local blackbirds, males in particular, were spending a lot of time protecting the hawthorn berries in the back garden hedge from all comers.  Sunshine and showers, mild temperatures and windy nights continued, but we had no frosts at all in October.

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The Wildlife Garden in September

September began with some sunny spells at the start of the month but temperatures in South Shropshire were low. A few of the young mallard ducks that bred on our wildlife pond were still with us, but trying out their wings and doing a lot of flapping without actually going anywhere!  Two rabbits appeared in the garden but as most of the vegetables are finished now there is little damage that they can do.  There were good numbers of tits and finches around including the occasional adult siskin and several greenfinches which were really nice to see. However there had been no great-spotted woodpeckers for several weeks which was unusual here – this species is usually a daily visitor.  Our young swallows were last seen in the porch on the 1st of the month and quite quickly there were no swallows or martins around the garden at all. On the 4th a new duck appeared bringing the total on the wildlife pond to 8!  The weather continued to be quite cold and damp with just the usual wildlife around and there were very few butterflies about.  The ducks continued to stretch their wings and all but one were flying by the end of the week, but they were still using the garden ponds with no sign of leaving. The two rabbits continued to appear in the garden every evening and by the end of the week the weather improved – the brighter, sunny weather was very welcome.

As we moved into the second week of September the rabbits and mallard were still with us, but some of the ducks were now flying well and leaving the garden at dusk to roost elsewhere. The wildflower meadows continued to be cut and raked but some areas were left long to provide a refuge for overwintering invertebrates.  To my delight, two juvenile siskins, a favourite species, appeared on the 9th, feeding on a small tray outside my window, giving me great views of this beautiful little finch, plus a favourite mammal – a stoat – was seen in the garden on the 14th. There were a few more butterflies around in sunnier weather including speckled wood, red admiral, peacock and a few whites, all mostly feeing on wild marjoram and Verbena bonariensis.  The first speckled woods of the autumn were also around, especially in the garden ‘corners’ where there is the dappled shade that they prefer. Red admirals and small tortoiseshells were also seen in the vegetable garden where a single large plant of Verbena bonariensis has self-seeded in a sunny spot. Towards the end of the week the weather became more autumnal with misty, damp mornings and there were lots of sparkling spiders webs all around, especially in the longer grass in the orchard and uncut meadows. Warm days with a slight breeze continued and many birds were using one of the mini ponds close to the house, to drink and bathe especially wrens, tits, nuthatches and finches.  Overnight on the 16th the moth trap produced lots of colourful autumnal species including centre-barred sallow, pink barred sallow and September thorn.

Slightly warmer weather continued and there were two or three of the mallard around every day – one of which was a very inexpert flyer.  A female blackcap was seen in the back garden in the Buddleia on the 16th and a few butterflies were still feeding on warmer days, especially small tortoiseshell and speckled wood.  A large flock of linnets flew over the garden on several occasions and a heron was also seen flying over the garden, but not visiting the pond.  There were both buzzards and red kites around frequently plus on the 20th – a warm sunny day – a large number of house martins and swallows fed over the garden, especially over the big pond. The weather continued to be warm and sunny towards the end of the week but it was quieter in the garden with the exception of increasing numbers of birds now visiting the feeders, and a few large dragonflies still around the pond, including several southern hawkers.

The weather changed yet again at the beginning of the last week of September, becoming cooler, damper and a lot windier!  A single jay seen on the 23rd burying acorns in the grassy areas, but this was yet another month without a single great spotted woodpecker in the garden, and numbers of birds around the feeders seemed slightly lower than usual.  By the end of the month the mallard ducks were down to just three, two of which regularly left the garden in the late afternoon to spend the night elsewhere, leaving behind only the one that doesn’t yet fly well. Southern hawker dragonflies were still abundant, hunting around the garden on good days, and all around our boundaries the mature hawthorns were displaying their wonderful fruits, the bright red of the haws showing up well against the still dark green leaves.  Other garden trees displaying their berries included the rowans but the berries on those – a favourite food of several local bird species – disappeared within a few days, especially into the beaks of visiting blackbirds.  Nuthatches were still plentiful after an excellent breeding year here and tits were returning to the feeders as the weather cooled.  The very small rabbit that had been seen in the garden copse earlier was found dead ()and partially eaten at the very end of the month, most likely by a fox, although the sighting of the stoat earlier in the month did lead me to wonder if this little mammal was still visiting the garden.

Towards the end of the month the weather was bright, even though we were moving towards more autumnal conditions, and a single butterfly – a small white – was still visiting a few flowers in the border.  As October approaches I am hoping that the cooler temperatures bring redpolls and more siskins to our feeders, plus the first redwings and fieldfares would be very welcome!

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The Wildlife Garden in August


The weather during the first week of August was again variable here in South Shropshire, but cold and windy seemed to be the norm! In spite of the poor weather there was plenty going on around the garden, especially in terms of the house martins and swallows that we frequently see feeding here, over the big meadow and the pond. Both species were frequent visitors in large numbers – sometimes between thirty and forty house martins were swooping around the garden. Other bird species were much in evidence, especially greenfinches and the occasional bullfinch, and a female bullfinch, feeding regularly from the bird feeder outside my office window, was a welcome sight. Mammals were few and far between with only bank voles seen frequently, although a small rabbit took up residence in the back garden.  It was caught in a live trap, unable to resist the huge pile of lettuce to encourage him in, and was relocated to the grassy field next door.  The common redstart that we have been seeing on several occasions was still around and the swallows in the porch were now feeding their second brood.   Butterfly numbers of many species were high, and the carder bee nest which we found in the garden a couple of weeks ago was very active and continued to grow quickly as they added dried grass to the structure on a daily basis.  As the knapweed continued to set seed, goldfinch numbers increased, especially juveniles, which learned quickly how to extract the seeds.

At the start of the second week of August the weather was delightfully warm and sunny! Some of the smaller wildflower meadows were cut as flowers went over and seeds were shed. This activity brought many swallows and house martins to feed on the insects emerging from the long grass. Some of the house martins rested on the house roof and over 40 were counted on one occasion.  On the 10th of the month a spotted flycatcher was seen feeding from the hawthorn trees on our boundary – as this is one of my absolutebloggkaug favourite birds, I was rather pleased! As the weather warmed up, huge thunderous clouds gathered over the garden and this brought more swallows and martins to feed.  The first speckled wood butterflies appeared this week, and gatekeeper butterflies were abundant. We then began to experience huge lightning storms in the skies all around us, but thankfully they were centred a little further to the west and rain was minimal. However the weather continued to be hot and very humid but a breeze made the temperature acceptable.

The third week of the month was once again dominated by the weather which alternated between heavy rain, thunderstorms, high winds and the odd glimpse of sunshine. This didn’t deter the local birds from visiting the garden and a total of 22 species was recorded in the garden. This was higher than the previous week but the actual numbers of birds was lower, and it did seem quieter.  There were fewer butterflies around too in the windy weather, but a good number of different species were seen, especially feeding on the Buddleias and the blogaugraJapanese anemones.  We continued to cut some of the smaller meadows when the wind wasn’t blowing too much, but flowery areas around the ponds where purple loosestrife and meadowsweet were still in flower, were left and these plants were swarming with bees of many species. Careful cutting of the meadows also revealed several large frogs sheltering the in long grass and these were carefully moved to safety. Bumblebees especially were plentiful at this time and the carder bee nest in the ‘wild carrot’ meadow in the back garden grew daily! As the week progressed sunny spells became fewer but dunnocks, finches and tits continued to bathe and drink from the barrel pond outside my window. A single male siskin was seen on the bird feeders on the 21st but in general birds began to be scarcer than of late as they went into moult.

As we moved towards the end of the month the second brood of swallows fledged from the nest in the porch. The weather was in general rather wet and windy this week but the young swallows seemed to cope with the adverse conditions and were soon flying expertly around the house and feeding themselves, although frequently returning to the covered porch for shelter.  Flocks of goldfinches and greenfinches, together with the odd chaffinch, fed on the ground under the feeders, and elsewhere around the garden other young birds were plentiful.  Overnight on the 25th/26th a very fierce storm swept through the west of the UK – named as Storm Francis.  Thankfully, there was no damage to our mature trees but the garden was littered with twigs and branches as a result of the high winds. There were very few butterflies about after this wild weather but as we moved towards the end of the month numbers of young goldfinches feeding increased again, much to the interest of the local female sparrowhawk.  The month ended with slightly better weather, but with the garden still dominated by the young mallards which have yet to discover that they can fly, and there were blackcaps feeding in the hedges and shrubs, especially on the alder buckthorn berries. In all August was not a very summery month, but the numbers of birds and butterflies in the garden made up for the poor weather.


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The Wildlife Garden in July


July began with cool, cloudy weather and it was wet at times – most un-summer like!  The only thing that brightened my week was a stoat in the garden – very good views were had as it ran in and out of the mole runs in the Long Garden.  Good news was that the meadows were looking wonderful and knapweed, meadowsweet and lady’s bedstraw were in full flower.  White clover was also flowering well in the paths and shorter grass areas which meant that bumblebees were feeding well, although there were fewer than is usual at this time of year. Plenty of young birds, especially tits and finches continued to use the feeders and a pair of siskins was seen most days. The pond continued to be used by the wild mallard and her brood (now down to 7) and they constantly foraged around the garden for food.  The moorhens too were still with us.  On the 4th of the month a juvenile redstart appeared on the garden gate.  It continued to use the garden all week, usually at the front of the house but also once feeding on an area of recently cut meadow grass where presumably there were plenty of insects for this wonderful bird.

The second week of July saw continuing cool weather here in South Shropshire, plus it was often wet and windy.  A small house mouse took up residence in my downstairs office and had to be coaxed into a live trap with a chocolate biscuit.  It was relocated to bloggvwjulyan outside shed. Bird-wise the garden was lively with all the usual species plus two male siskins in bright, breeding plumage.  Large numbers of young swallows perched on the wires over the field next door on the 11th and an unexpected warm sunny day saw huge numbers of large and green-veined whites in the garden feeding mainly on the flowering knapweed  – 75 were counted before I gave up!  The young redstart continued to visit to different areas around the garden and two chiffchaffs fed on the insects in the large Buddleia at the back of the house.

After a warm weekend the weather became cool and windy again with only the occasional sunny spell.  There were still plenty of young tits and finches around plus the mallard ducklings, which were growing quickly, continued to roam all areas of the garden searching for food. During sunny periods, a lovely sulphur yellow male brimstone butterfly was feeding around the borders, and the occasional dragonfly was seen although numbers are very low this blogscbluematingyear.  The local greenfinches continued to visit the feeders with juveniles in tow and a female blackcap fed daily from the berries of the alder buckthorn shrub outside my office window. Later this week she was seen with two juvenile blackcaps in tow, feeding them frequently and giving me great opportunities to photograph them.  Sunnier weather at the end of the week saw red admiral, comma, peacock, meadow brown and small tortoiseshell on the Buddleia although the weather became cool and windy once again.

The last week of the July saw no improvement in the weather here in South Shropshire although a few warmer periods between the colder, windy times made it bearable!  The young blackcaps were seen frequently as were the juvenile greenfinches which was pleasing as this species has declined in my area over the last few years.  Goldfinches, including juveniles were taking advantage of the knapweed seeds in the meadows and a female sparrowhawk swooped through the garden regularly.  The month ended with the emergence of gatekeeper butterflies in the Big Meadow and a pair of common blues were seen mating on birds foot trefoil, their caterpillar food plant.  In all the month was dominated by poor weather, but the good numbers of butterflies and young birds around made up for it!


Posted in Birds, butterflies, Dragonflies, Ecology, Gardening, Nature, redstart, Shropshire, Uncategorized, wildflower meadow, Wildlife, Wildlife Garden, Wildlife Gardening | Leave a comment

The Wildlife Garden in June


The beginning of June was very warm and sunny in South Shropshire and swallows, swifts and martins were feeding around the house and over the garden every day.   Juvenile great tits appeared in the garden on the 3rd, just as the weather took a turn for the worse and sadly it became cool and damp again.  The colder weather continued and at times it was very windy and not at all summery!  Lots of young blue tits were feeding around the orchard, suggesting that they had fledged from the nest boxes on our apple trees there. Banded demoiselles were still abundant all around the garden but especially close to our boundary with the field next door, which has a small natural pond. There was no evidence of the nuthatches still being fed in the nest box so I assumed that they had fledged – we soon began to see them around the garden and on the feeders.  Chiffchaffs were seen daily and a male siskin made good use of the bird feeder outside my office window. Later in theblogsiskinjune week both a male and female siskin were seen feeding together. As the weather warmed a little at the end of the week, common blue and large skipper butterflies joined the small tortoiseshells around the garden meadows, feeding mainly on birds’ foot trefoil.  Other abundant butterflies were small whites and green-veined whites.  I kept a watchful eye on the swallows nesting in our porch and it soon became obvious that the eggs had hatched and four small beaks were seen begging for food.  Thankfully, the weather was good enough for the diligent parents to be returning to the nest constantly with food for them.

On the 7th of the month the weather became cooler again. A beautiful little pygmy shrew was seen in the back garden, not a species we see frequently – common shrew is more usual here. The weather continued to be cool and often damp, but there was little in the way of actual rain.  There were still large numbers of young blue tits all around the garden and on the 10th more recently fledged great tits found food around the orchard trees.  Young coal tits too were being fed by parents  and the siskinsblogshrewsmall were seen daily.

Grey squirrels seemed to have had a good breeding season and six were counted under one of the bird feeders outside my office door!  The moorhens continued to feed around the pond, and a single bank vole could be seen outside the back door most days. The cooler weather continued with a little sun now and again, but after the very warm weather of the previous few weeks it felt like quite a change!  A blackcap sang in the orchard and around the vegetable garden daily and brimstone, small tortoiseshell, comma and red admiral butterflies were regular visitors, while green-veined white and small white were appearing in excellent numbers.  Other birds around the garden this week included pied wagtails, linnets and a single jay along with all our usual species.

The third week of June brought a slight improvement in weather with many swallows, swifts and house martins feeding over the garden daily. This more pleasant weather did not last though, with storms all around the country and here there were views of some wonderful if slightly alarming cloud formations over the Long Mynd!  Young birds continued to come to the garden for food including juvenile coal tits and lots of house sparrows – a quite unusual species here. The light evenings revealed a visit from a barn owl one evening and the next evening two of these beautiful birds were quartering the big meadow in search of voles.  Chiffchaff and blackcap sang daily but sadly there was no sign of the whitethroat.  Four yellowhammers were seen in one of our hedges on the 17th suggesting that breeding here had been successful  and on the 17th one of my absolute favourite birds, a garden warbler, was heard singing from our boundary hedge, and it was seen a few days later in the same spot.


At the beginning of the last week of June the changeable weather improved for a while.  The garden was still full of young  tits, house sparrows and nuthatches plus juvenile great-spotted woodpeckers were frequenting the peanut feeders. Our swallows were feeding over the garden and fields around us and the wildflower meadows in the garden were looking wonderful – to my delight meadow butterflies began to appear, especially ringlet and meadow brown.  We had very few of these two species last year so hopefully they will have a better breeding season here this summer.  Half way through the week a female mallard and 8 newly hatched ducklings appeared on the pond!  I was suspicious that she had a nest somewhere but it was still a surprise after the loss of her previous brood. A couple of days later there were young moorhens on the pond too.  The month ended with better weather and the garden seemed to be brimming over with life, especially butterflies, bumblebees and young birds.


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The Wildlife Garden in May


In the first week of May the weather in South Shropshire was warm and sunny and the whole garden looked green and vibrant.  The long borders were growing well although they were becoming overcrowded in some areas and a few plants needed to be moved. Hawthorn was in flower all around our boundaries and looking wonderful – there was much more blossom this year than last. Our common spotted orchids were also growing well,  although their numbers appear not to have increased on last year, possibly due to the extremely wet weather we had in the winter.  The swallows were happily settled into the porch where they bred last year, and sometimes a third bird joined the pair. They were feeding over the garden and the field next door to the house, which this year has sheep grazing.  Sadly all the mallard ducklings on our pond were predated and the adult pair moved to the pond next door, where no doubt they will try again.  The moorhens however were sitting on their nest and repelling all-comers with great ferocity!  A pair of yellowhammers were still around the garden and a single whitethroat, a bird I am especially fond of, was seen on one of our hedges.  This warbler has bred twice in the garden in the past but there has been no sign of this species for the last two summers. I am hopeful that they might breed here again this year.  There were several butterfly species around especially brimstones, and a single comma was seen on the 6th.

After a lovely warm start it was suddenly cold here again in the second week of May.  The moorhens were now fiercely defending their hatched chicks from all-comers including a grey heron.  The single tiny green-winged orchid appeared again on the pond bank but was no bigger than last year! House martins began to feed over the garden in some blogbullfinchjunenumbers and our swallows were seen courtship feeding.  On the 12th a cuckoo was heard close to the garden – the first time for several years – and the wonderful sound echoed around our little valley. At the end of the week we saw good numbers of swifts feeding over the garden too, but the weather then became cooler again and at times, quite windy.

The third week of May was still cool but brightened towards the end of the week.  Our dandelions were in full seed with their lovely feathery seed head ‘clocks’ everywhere in the grassy paths which were left un-mown.  Bullfinches, greenfinches and house sparrows were soon feeding avidly but there were no linnets this year which was quite unusual.  A male linnet was heard singing in our copse of trees though, so they were definitely around.  The nuthatches were still feeding their young in the nest box close to the vegetable garden, the fledglings now being large enough to poke their heads out of the entrance!  A male blackcap was seen repeatedly visiting a shady area of nettles closeblognuthatchjune2 to one of the wildlife ponds, suggesting a nest.  However, sad news was that local crows predated the young moorhens, but we were hopeful they would try again.  All around the garden cow parsley was flowering abundantly and attracting many hoverflies to the tiny white flowers. There were plenty of butterflies around too, especially green-veined whites and brimstones which were seen daily.  The swallows continued to visit the nest in the porch and from their behaviour we are confident that there are eggs now.  On the 21st a male whitethroat was heard singing in the vegetable garden hedge and from the wires over the garden, so I am really hopeful that they are breeding here after an absence of two years.

The last week of the month was warm and sunny.  The nuthatches were still feeding their young and several brimstone butterflies were still around the garden every day.  A tiny comma butterfly larva was found on wych elm in one of our hedges and large and green veined white butterflies were still plentiful.  The first of the damsel and dragonflies were seen around the big pond and oxeye daisies burst into flower on the pond bank and in some of the smaller meadow areas.  On the 26th a single moorhen chick – now quite well grown – was seen on the pond edge, apparently having escaped the crows and heron!  As the warm weather continued our common spotted orchids opened and young blue tits began to emerge from several of the nest boxes around the orchard while large numbers of house martins and some swifts fed over the ponds and meadows. In all it was a good start to the summer.



Posted in Birds, butterflies, Dragonflies, Ecology, Gardening, Nature, orchids, Shropshire, Uncategorized, wildflower meadow, Wildlife, Wildlife Garden, Wildlife Gardening | Leave a comment